a list compiled by Alex Kasman (College of Charleston)

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Infinite Jest (1996)
David Foster Wallace
Note: This work of mathematical fiction is recommended by Alex for literati.

Contributed by Cossey

The twenty page passage on Eschaton, with the Mean Value Theorem footnote, is possibly the best use of mathematics in fiction I've ever seen.

Contributed by a warren

this book has some of the most interesting and complete characters i've seen- in terms of being a great novel of ideas, i don't think that the standard comparisons of Infinite Jest to Gravity's Rainbow etc. are unwarranted- hypercontemporary, in a good way.

(See the review by mathematician Nik Weaver at his "Math in Fiction" website.)

Contributed by Nick Carter

The use of the Mean Value Theorem in this book struck me as inappropriate and forced. The bookkeeping for eschaton is a discrete problem, not a continuous function, and a discrete sum would be what's used rather than integral calculus. I think DFW was overreaching trying to impress a primarily nonmathematical audience.

If you want an author who really knows calculus -- take a look at Thomas Pynchon and his book Gravity's Rainbow.

Contributed by Anonymous

The main math element in Infinite Jest is the Eschaton chapter/endnote. In particular, these contain a statement of the Mean Value Theorem with a few accompanying basic-calculus type diagrams, and then some gibberish about computing integrals from only the extrema of the function in question. There is some question as to whether the latter mistake is intentional. I tend to think that it is, for three reasons: the author's knowledge of mathematics and perfectionist style, the unreliable-narrator aspect of the passage in question, and the consistency of such a mistake with the themes of the work. To the first reason, the author has written other books with much stronger, more advanced mathematical content, to apparently positive reception. Attention to detail - to the point of pedantry - is both a feature and explicit theme of Infinite Jest in general (the Militant Grammarians of Massachussetts, for example) and in this particular passage (which is littered with a comical overuse of [sic]'s). Given all of that, such an elementary error in a central point of the endnote seems incongruous. To the second reason, the endnote in question is presented as a transcript produced by one character (Hal), of an explanatory dictation given by another (Pemulis) for inclusion in a reference text for younger tennis students who play a nuclear geostrategy game called Eschaton (a mix of Risk and tennis lobs, with a lot of gratuitous computer statistics). So, this is not the omniscient narrator voice presenting the mistake. Moreover, if one reads carefully, it is pretty clearly implied that the characters are smoking marijuana during the transcribed (from Hal's memory) exchange. Note that this is far from the only instance of an unreliable narrator in Infinite Jest; see also the conflicting accounts given on the question of Joelle Van Dyne's disfigurement (or not). Lastly, the reading that Pemulis and/or Hal are too stoned to notice that they're botching the math seems to fit with many of the book's and chapter's themes. For example: that both characters are suffering more psychological fall-out from their recreational drug use than they are willing to recognize, or that the tennis academy's academic pretensions are perhaps just that. Note that the Eschaton game the younger students play later in the chapter devolves into a brawl which culminates with a student's head being smashed through the statistics computer in question, all while Hal and friends watch ineffectually (stoned again, of course). To take the contrary reading, that the author didn't realize his mistake and that the math presented is intended to be "correct," seems to make the passage in question a waste of time.

Contributed by Anonymous

There is very little math explicitly mentioned, especially relative to the size of the book and the sheer number of things mentioned in it. If one considers some of the structural elements of the narrative (which some have said was inspired by the Sierpinski Triangle) then maybe you can reach a place that’s using some more mathematical type thinking, but that’s a pretty in depth and abstract discussion to be having about the book.

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Works Similar to Infinite Jest
According to my `secret formula', the following works of mathematical fiction are similar to this one:
  1. Gravity's Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon
  2. The Wild Numbers by Philibert Schogt
  3. Bonita Avenue by Peter Buwalda
  4. A Doubter's Almanac by Ethan Canin
  5. The Invention of Ana [Forestillinger om Ana Ivan] by Mikkel Rosengaard
  6. Account Unsettled [Crime Impuni] by Georges Simenon
  7. Incendies by Denis Villeneuve / Valérie Beaugrand-Champagne / Wajdi Mouawad
  8. 36 Arguments for the Existence of God by Rebecca Goldstein
  9. I Married You for Happiness by Lily Tuck
  10. All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr
Ratings for Infinite Jest:
RatingsHave you seen/read this work of mathematical fiction? Then click here to enter your own votes on its mathematical content and literary quality or send me comments to post on this Webpage.
Mathematical Content:
2.33/5 (15 votes)
Literary Quality:
4.43/5 (16 votes)


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Exciting News: The 1,600th entry was recently added to this database of mathematical fiction! Also, for those of you interested in non-fictional math books let me (shamelessly) plug the recent release of the second edition of my soliton theory textbook.

(Maintained by Alex Kasman, College of Charleston)